# What Is Series And Parallel Circuit

## What is a Series Circuit?

A series circuit is a circuit in which the components are connected end-to-end, so that the current flows through each component in turn. The total resistance of a series circuit is equal to the sum of the resistances of the individual components.

### What is a Parallel Circuit?

A parallel circuit is a circuit in which the components are connected across each other, so that the current has multiple paths to flow through. The total resistance of a parallel circuit is less than the resistance of any of the individual components.

### Comparison of Series and Parallel Circuits

The following table compares the characteristics of series and parallel circuits: | Feature | Series Circuit | Parallel Circuit | |---|---|---| | Current | The same current flows through all components. | The current is divided among the components. | | Voltage | The voltage across each component is the same. | The voltage is different across the components. | | Resistance | The total resistance is the sum of the individual resistances. | The total resistance is less than the resistance of any individual component. |

### Applications of Series and Parallel Circuits

Series and parallel circuits are used in a variety of applications, including: *

### Electrical lighting:

In a series circuit, all of the lights are connected in a single path, so that if one light burns out, all of the lights will go out. In a parallel circuit, each light is connected to its own path, so that if one light burns out, the other lights will stay on. *

### Home wiring:

The electrical wiring in a home is typically a combination of series and parallel circuits. The main circuit breaker is connected to the power lines in a series circuit, and the individual circuits in the home are connected in parallel to the main circuit. *

### Electronic circuits:

Series and parallel circuits are used in a variety of electronic circuits, such as radios, televisions, and computers.

### Conclusion

Series and parallel circuits are two basic types of electrical circuits. The characteristics of these circuits are different, and they are used in a variety of applications.

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